Civil litigation is a legal dispute between two or more parties that seek money damages or specific performance rather than criminal sanctions. A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation is known as a “litigator” or “trial lawyer.” Lawyers who practice civil litigation represent parties in trials, hearings, arbitrations and mediations before administrative agencies, foreign tribunals and federal, state and local courts.

Types of Civil Litigation

Civil litigation encompasses a broad range of disputes. Civil litigators generally specialize in one or two specific practice areas. Several common types of civil litigation include:

  • Environmental Law
  • Landlord/Tenant
  • Products Liability
  • Personal injury
  • Intellectual Property
  • Construction
  • Medical Malpractice
  • Employment & Labor
  • Real Estate
  • Anti-Trust
  • Worker’s Compensation
  • Education Law